On 18th December 2020, National Grid ESO reported that wind energy broke the record in Britain by generating 17.2GW of electricity in half an hour between 1 pm to 1:30 pm.
The highest wind energy mix recorded was 59.9% in August 2020, whereas, normal energy mix, wind energy accounts for only 43.2%. The high demand for renewable sources of energy in the U.K. have alleviated the share of wind energy. The total electricity generation from non-carbon sources has increased to 74%.
Even during a pandemic, demand for renewable energy is high in the U.K., thus placing the spotlight on offshore wind power. The Prime Minister of the U.K. has also announced that by 2030 the goal is to reduce the carbon emission of the U.K. by 68% compared to 1990. Nanotechnologies and nanomaterials are important when it comes to building high-end technological gadgets to conserve and convert the renewable energy on earth. Demand for renewable energy in the U.K. has also led to an increase in demand for nanomaterials in the country.
Nanomaterials have a high surface area and unique physical and chemical properties, and as a result are used to make battery fabrication, PV devices, fuel cells, etc. Wind power and photovoltaics (PV) are used in developed countries such as the U.K. for several years and in the last two decades have experienced tremendous progress and demand. The technology has progressed to such an extent that viable batteries are replacing conventional fuels in cars for storing and conserving energy.
U.K.’s mission to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is its National Determined Contribution (NDC) which comes under the Paris Climate Agreement. U.K.’s NDC is till date the highest in the world, which commits to cutting down carbon emissions faster than any other developed economy has done so far.